Coaxial, or full range, and component are two broad categories of speakers that can be used when building or upgrading car audio systems. The most common type is the coaxial speaker, which is found in almost every car stereo OEM that comes out of building . Each of these speakers contains more than one driver, allowing them to reproduce a wide range of audio frequencies. Component speakers are less common, but audiophiles typically rely on them to build quality car audio systems. Each of these loudspeakers consists of a single driver, so they are designed to reproduce only high, medium or low frequencies.

Speaker with musical notes coming out

What are component columns?

The range of human hearing is 20 to 20,000 Hz, and this spectrum is usually broken down into several different categories when it comes to loudspeaker technology. Each component speaker handles one part or component of this range. The highest frequencies are produced by the tweeters, the lowest frequencies by the woofers, and the mids are in between these extremes. Because each component speaker contains only one cone and one driver, they fit neatly into those categories.

high frequency

These speakers cover the upper end of the audio spectrum from 2000 to 20000 Hz. There is a lot of emphasis on bass, but high quality tweeters often play an important role in filling the soundscape. These speakers are named after tall bird tweets.


The mid-range of the audio spectrum consists of sounds that fall between 300 and 5000 Hz, so there is some overlap between the midrange speakers and the tweeters.


Deep bass, which is in the range of approximately 40 to 1000 Hz, is handled by subwoofers. There is also some overlap between woofers and mid-range speakers, but mid-ranges are generally not capable of producing the doggy woofers that give subwoofers their name.

There are also several dedicated component speakers that can provide additional fidelity at the extreme ends of the audio spectrum.

super tweeters

These loudspeakers are sometimes capable of reproducing ultrasonic frequencies that are outside the normal range of human hearing, and their lower ends are significantly higher than the 2000 Hz that conventional tweeters operate at. This allows super tweeters to reproduce higher frequency sounds without any distortion.


Like super tweeters subwoofers designed to provide higher quality audio at one end of the audio spectrum. Consumer subwoofers typically operate in the 20 to 200 Hz range, but professional audio equipment may be limited to frequencies below 80 Hz.

What are coaxial speakers?

Coaxial speakers are often referred to as «full range» speakers because they are designed to reproduce a larger range of audio frequencies from a single device. These speakers contain the same types of drivers found in component speakers, but they are combined to save money and space. The most common configuration is a subwoofer with a top-mounted tweeter, but there are also 3-way coaxial speakers that contain a woofer, mid-range and tweeter.

Coaxial car speakers were introduced in the early 1970s, and most OEM car audio systems now use full range speakers because OEM car audio design prioritizes cost over quality. These speakers are also available from various car audio vendors, and factory car speaker replacement systems high-quality accessories are generally the most cost-effective car audio upgrade .

What is better in cars?

Component and coaxial speakers have their own advantages and disadvantages, so there is no simple answer to which one is better. Some of the strengths offered by each option include:

Full Range Coaxial Speakers:


Component speakers are undeniably better in terms of sound quality, but full range speakers are cheaper and easier to install. Since most OEM systems use full-range speakers, the upgrade is usually as simple as plugging in new speakers .

If budget or ease of installation is paramount, then full range speakers are the best choice. High quality full range speakers may not match or exceed component speakers, but they can still deliver good sound.

However, component speakers provide much more customization options. In addition to the fact that component speakers deliver the best sound quality, each speaker can be individually positioned to create the ideal soundscape for a specific vehicle. If sound quality is more important than budget or time, then component speakers are the way to go.

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