The agricultural revolution has changed the game in real life and it has changed the game in Minecraft. Today we are going to look at how you can maximize your mining efforts by building farms. You will get your pigs for free and your dinners for free!


  1. Getting started with Minecraft
  2. Improving Minecraft Performance on Old and New Computers
  3. Get to know Minecraft biomes
  4. Exploring Minecraft Structures
  5. Meet Minecraft Mobs
  6. Exploring Minecraft Game Modes
  7. Survive your first night in survival mode
  8. Your first mine, armor and further research
  9. Advanced mining and magic spells
  10. I am a farmer, you are a farmer, we are all farmers
  11. Engineering with Redstone
  12. Creating Custom Minecraft Maps
  13. Download and install custom maps
  14. Set up local multiplayer and custom player skins
  15. Exploring Minecraft multiplayer servers

At the beginning of your survival experience, you will spend a lot of time just trying to survive. You will need to strike a balance between hunting for food and gathering resources so that you can keep cooking that food and swap out your tools. As we constantly emphasize, there is nothing wrong with playing Minecraft anyway if you want to play it, so if you like the rhythm of hunting all day and mining all night, go for it!

Most players, however, find themselves creating at least a simple farm to make life in Minecraft a little more stable and finding food and resources less costly.

Minecraft has renewable resources and non-renewable resources. In-game materials such as coal, iron, diamonds, redstone and other ores are finite. As we said in the introduction, the world of Minecraft is absolutely huge and you could spend decades trying to explore it, which means that there is a lot of coal and diamonds, but these items are scattered all over the place, and also at a fairly low density in any given piece. .

For example, coal is the most common ore in the game, but it still compromises roughly 1% of all stone layers in the game. Diamonds are so rare that they make up a fraction of a percent of the total number of stone layers. There may be a lot of them when you think the map is made up of billions of blocks, but they are not available because they are scattered so far apart.

On the other hand, renewable resources can be easily regenerated in one place without forcing the player to wander around looking for them. Instead of ever expanding the mines, you can have a simple piece of land with a stable or even increasing yield.

You can play the survival game without farming, but once you start accumulating resources, it will quickly become more efficient at farming than spending all day searching. In Minecraft, you can farm in order of difficulty: trees, fruits and vegetables, animals, and mobs.

Tree Agriculture

At the beginning of the game, it may seem silly to want trees. They are found in every biome except the desert, and range from semi-abundant to incredibly abundant. However, if you’re busy building, you’ll quickly find yourself tearing apart the forest surrounding your home base at a rate that can frustrate even the Lorax.

While Minecraft doesn’t necessarily have the cost of protecting the environment from turning an old growing forest into a vigorous ax-swinging pasture, it won’t be hard for you to gather more resources as you’ll have to go further and further as the edge of the forest recedes. Not only that, if you Like have a base sheltered in the forest, it won’t hide in the forest for long if you clear the huge field around it.

To avoid hiking for half an in-game day to get more firewood, it’s very handy to put on a Johnny Appleseed hat and do some woodwork.


An absolutely simple way to grow trees is to search for seedlings. All Minecraft trees drop saplings, which are small miniature trees that you can collect just like any other in-game resource. Sometimes the leaves wither and the seedlings fall off automatically. Other times, you’ll find them after you or some in-game mechanism has just damaged wood blocks.

Just dig them up and then place them on suitable dirt/grass under lighting and they will grow. If you are looking for seedlings when you are collecting firewood, you can easily plant them while you are chopping wood or returning home. If you don’t do anything else related to growing trees, at least do it to make sure you have fresh wood near your base.

If you want to take your tree to the next level, you can plant seedlings in a high-density farming grid. Let’s visit the old woodcutter’s hut and see how it ends. Here is a grid of 12×12 trees planted in a checkerboard pattern (you don’t need a rock border, we only included it to provide a clear visual border around our planting area).


Growing seedlings takes about a day, but some may surprise you. In the meantime, we planted seedlings and stepped back to take a screenshot of the impatient little guy in the corner already breaking into a mature tree.

About a day later, this is what the plot looks like:


About 260 logs (or just over 4 full stacks of 64 logs) were obtained from this 12 × 12 oak tree plot. While you’re chopping them down, you’ll also have a bunch of seedlings to help you start the process all over again. Keep a chest nearby with axes and a place to store extra saplings.

By the way, if you are an impatient farmer, you can speed up the process by placing torches on the ground between seedlings. This will give them light at night and encourage them to grow faster.

If you are a very impatient farmer, you can sprinkle bonemeal on it. A few shakes of bonemeal powder on a seedling will turn it into a mature tree. You can create bonemeal by crushing skeleton bones through the crafting box — one bone gives three units of bonemeal.

A fun tree growing trick: If you want to create a very organic wall, you can plant most seedlings (with the exception of spruce seedlings) in a straight line. The resulting growth will create a living palisade of trees.

We produce Farming

When we started talking about agriculture, this is most likely what you think of: growing traditional crops. In Minecraft, you can process the following traditional foods: wheat, carrots, potatoes, ripe and pumpkins. More advanced agriculture includes growing mushrooms, sugar cane, and cocoa beans.

Some types of farming are less critical than others. For example, growing cocoa beans gives you the ability to dye wool brown and bake cookies, while fun, it’s not critical to progressing through the game. However, growing sugarcane is necessary to produce books, which is a key component in crafting bookshelves that are critical to successful enchanting later in the game.

Wheat, carrots and potatoes

Wheat, carrots and potatoes are agricultural crops. They are labeled as such because they are the only plants you will find in the small 7×2 rectangular plots found in villages next to farmhouses. This is what a simple village farm looks like:


Very little is needed to grow crops. Starting with a seed bank (seeds, carrots or potatoes), they should be planted in a mud block within four squares of water plowed with a hoe and in bright light (sunlight or inside a building or cave lit by many many torches). You can technically farm soil that isn’t within a four block radius of some water, but this «dry farming» is very inefficient. Not only do the crops grow at a painfully slow pace, but every time you harvest them, you will have to re-till the soil; wet farmland does not require tedious re-cultivation unless it has been left unplanted for such a long time.

While using village farms is an easy way to start farming early in the game, they are a little on the small side. You can easily build a very large farm in a short amount of time with a little dirt, seeds and water.


Note how we have arranged the rows for demonstration purposes from the simple two-column design found in the village to a maximum width of four blocks from the water source. It is also worth noting that the effect of the water extends in all four directions as well as diagonally, so technically the long irrigation channels in our demonstration garden are decorative as we can modify them for maximum efficiency, for example:


Efficiency planning aside, the real problem with farms of all sizes, be it farmland or other playable plants, is getting a starter supply.

You can collect wheat seeds by chopping grass until the seeds fall. Carrots and potatoes are much harder to acquire, and you either need to find a village with some already growing or get them as rare drops.

Zombies occasionally drop potatoes or carrots, which can be used to build a farm if there is no supply to steal from the village. Outside of these sources, potatoes and carrots are not found in the wild.

Melon and pumpkins

Although both melons and pumpkins can be found naturally if you need some of them, it’s much more efficient to grow them yourself as they don’t spawn often in their respective biomes (jungle for melons and any biomes with grass for pumpkins). If you’re unlucky enough to find them naturally, look for Abandoned Mines, as you can find seeds hidden in cart chests.

Melons are more of an innovation in the game as they have a rather low utility. They don’t replenish much hunger, and they’re only useful for crafting healing potions later in the game and trading with villagers (if you happen to find a melon-obsessed villager).

Pumpkins have a higher utility as they unlock a pretty neat feature in the game. In addition to crafting pumpkin pies and Jack O’ Lanterns from pumpkins, you can also use them as the head for the Iron Golem — a tall magical creature that will protect the village you create it in — and as the head for the Snow Golems, which can also offer protection and snow storage.


You grow pumpkin/melon by smashing them to collect fruit. The melons will break into slices, and the pumpkin will simply come together whole. You then extract the seeds by placing them on the crafting table.

Unlike most other crops, melons and pumpkins need a lot of room to grow. They need not only arable soil and water, but also an adjacent space in which fruit can grow (just like in real life). If you plant them tightly together like wheat, they won’t have room to grow.


Here is a simple farm with pumpkins on one side and melons on the other. Notice how we’ve left room for each plant to grow its fruit.

Although melons and pumpkins aren’t particularly useful in the early game as they provide little food and they don’t grow much as they need a lot of space and grow slowly, we always recommend stocking up on seeds when you come through the plants. Later, when you can’t remember exactly where you found that melon patch, you’ll thank us!

Sugarcane and cocoa

Both sugar cane and cocoa are more exotic plants found in Minecraft. Both plants are used for more advanced material building in the game.

Sugar cane is found in all biomes, except for cold biomes where the water is frozen. It always borders a body of water on mud or sand, as it requires directly adjacent water to grow. It’s fairly rare and spawns sporadically and in small stands, so you definitely want to pick one or two varieties when you come across it.

Although sugarcane is rare, once you start growing it, you will fill it with chests. Although it grows slowly, when you harvest a mature plant, you will receive three units of sugar cane. Also, you don’t have to hoe the ground you’re planting sugar cane on, and since it grows in multiple segments, you can only break off the top pieces and leave the bottom block growing all the time.

Hands down, this is the easiest crop in the game, and if you plant a pile outside of the main entrance to your hideout, you can walk through the sugar cane and harvest a large pile in your daily routine. Here is an example of such a design from one of our survival worlds:


We planted sugar cane all along the coast outside of our hiding place. Putting it together is as easy as brandishing a sword on your way home from a hunting/gathering trip.

One novelty about sugarcane that most players are unaware of is that it does not require light. You can plant a sugar cane farm in a dimly lit cave if you feel like hauling dirt and water in there.

Sugarcane is not only easy to grow, but also important for progressing in the game: you need sugarcane, as we recently learned, to craft paper, books, bookshelves, and charming tables. It may seem far off at first (and to be honest, when you’re just building your first survival hut in the game, it is), but you definitely want to stockpile it for later.


Compared to the importance of sugar cane, cocoa beans are significantly less critical. Cacao takes the form of a pod and grows on the bark of jungle trees in the jungle biome. When you break the pods, you get cocoa beans that can be used to plant more pods, using the trees as a growing medium, or you can use the pods on your desk to dye brown items or bake cookies.

Although they are only found in the jungle biome, you can place them in jungle logs in any climate (as shown in the above screenshot).

animal husbandry

Animal hunting is fun and all, but not only is it time consuming, you will quickly find that natural herds are slowly respawning. Even if you find dozens of pigs around your spawn point/first hideout, you won’t have enough pork chops if you kill them all in the first day or two.

Animal husbandry allows you to control and breed herds of animals so that you have a constant source of resources that these animals shed. Need a lot of skin? Cow farm. Need a lot of wool? Sheep farm. Once you have your farm up and running, you’ll wonder why you ever burned daylight for food.

Every pig needs a pen

The hardest part about farming is finding the original animals where they are needed, such as taking those cows off the mountainside for cover and into the paddock you’ve built.

Mobs in Minecraft can jump just like the player, so the first thing we need to consider is how to keep them. If you want to keep your farm animals from roaming, you either need to build a wall at least two blocks high, or use a fence. Although the fences look like they are only one block high, the game considers them to be 1.5 blocks high and therefore neither the player nor mobs can jump over them.

You can create fence sections and fence gates with the following recipes:


Don’t forget to slap some torches on the feather fences to keep hostile mobs from spawning inside your feather in the middle of the night. The last thing your new pets want is to die a horrific death from a zombie attack while you hide in your hideout.

If you feel like your animals are overprotective, you can always build a stronger enclosure for them. In our first survival world, we brought a bunch of pigs into a cave, and by walling it off and setting up torches everywhere, we got a real farm fortress filled with dozens and dozens of pigs!

You can lead the horse to the water…

In addition to the animal enclosure, you will need the animals themselves. There are two ways to return animals to the pen.


The easiest way, since it doesn’t require any additional tools, is to simply hold the food that the animal loves in your hand and it will follow you like a hungry animal in a zoo (as shown in the screenshot above) wherever you go as long as you don’t run away from him too fast. The products that each animal likes are indicated in the breeding table in the next section.

In addition to being able to lead animals by their belly, it is convenient to be able to lead one animal if necessary, such as pulling one horse out of a paddock. In this case, you need to use a leash. Leash allows you to right click on any passive mob such as a sheep or cow and lead them anywhere, just like you would walk a dog on a leash. The recipe for lead calls for strings (from spiders or harvested from cobwebs) and slime balls (from slime).


With a paddock built in, gates set up, and your trusty leader, it’s time to look for animals to argue with. Right click on them and point them back towards the handle. If you need to stop leading them for some reason, you can keep them in one place by lowering one fence post and right-clicking on the post to tie it to it.

Aim to collect at least two of each animal so that you can breed them, but ideally as many as you can reasonably collect and bring home.

Love is in the air

When they are in your house and in the paddock, it’s time to take up cattle breeding. Each animal that you can breed has a specific food that triggers the game’s breeding mechanism.


In order to start breeding, you need to feed at least two adult animals of the same species with trigger food.

Sheep, cows, mushrooms wheat
Pigs carrot
chickens Seeds (anyone will breed them, but they will only follow wheat seeds)
Tamed Wolves (Dogs) Any meat
Tamed Ocelots (Cats) Raw fish
Horses, donkeys Golden apples or golden carrots

Golden apples and carrots are made on the cooking table by placing an apple or carrot in the center and surrounding them with gold bars (hey, no one said running a horse farm would be cheap). Rarely, golden apples can be found in the chests of dungeons and strongholds.

When you feed two animals the proper food, cartoonish hearts will float around them, and after a few moments, a baby version of the animal will appear, like the lamb seen in front of its parents in the above screenshot.

Animals can be bred every five minutes, and it takes 20 minutes for cubs to reach their adult size.

advanced agriculture

The easiest farming method in Minecraft is the one that most closely resembles farming in real life: planting and harvesting plants, and taking care of chickens and cows. More advanced farming in Minecraft focuses on «scouting» other game resources such as blocks and mobs for their drops and experience.

This type of farming is quite difficult and definitely not something you get in the first place in a survival game, but it can be very useful as a source of materials later in the game when you get tired of hunting every single piece of loot you need. .

Hostile Mob Farming

There are two types of crowds that can be roughly classified as natural and exploitative. The last type does not cheat, but uses game mechanics to achieve the desired result.

The first type of mob farming, natural farming, is where you find a natural source of mob spawning and just hang around and «farm» it for drops and experience. Many players’ first instinct when they encounter a fiery little cage that shoots at the bad guys is to immediately attack and destroy it. However, they are indeed rare and it is best to fence them off and save them for later.

More advanced natural farming involves creating structures around the spawner to direct the flow of mobs and farm them more efficiently.

Use mob farm, and again we won’t use the term derisively, it depends on manipulating the in-game rules to spawn mobs to your advantage. We know that hostile crowds appear in the dark, whether on the surface at night or in a cave at any time. Mobs also take damage, like the player, from falling, drowning, or falling. With just these two pieces of knowledge and a little ingenuity, you can create mob farms.

Creative players have come up with designs that encourage mobs to spawn in one spot and then direct them towards something that will finish them off (falling high to the ground, a trap that breaks them, etc.). For example, this weird water tower-like design is one of the easiest mobpher farms you can build:


It seems like an odd structure, but it’s designed specifically to take advantage of game elements. Here’s what the top chamber looks like with the «cover»:


There are four platforms and four small water channels. The water flows eight squares from where it is, so you make the chamber big enough to accommodate that length of run. Why water? After we closed the chamber lid and closed it so it was black inside, we suddenly turned our weird little water tower into the only good spawn point for hostile mobs as long as the sun was shining.

You see, the game wants to constantly spawn creatures to populate the world. When you create a pocket of darkness in a tall structure, you create a great place for mobs to spawn.


They spawn on the platforms, roam and eventually fall into the water where it sweeps them towards the hole. The hole is 25 blocks above the ground and the fall damage is enough (at that distance) to kill mobs. They spawn, they run, and then they float. All you have to do is hang on the bottom of the water tower and collect loot. Even this modest (in design and size) spawner will water mobs every few seconds.

The only downside to making a mob farm like this one, aside from the risk of death in creating it, is that only mobs killed directly by the player actually give experience. You will get all the loot, but not the experience, unless you land the killing blow yourself. Some players build shorter towers to keep the crowd injured but not dead so they can farm injured zombies, skeletons, etc. for experience points.

There are as many ways to build a mob farm as there are to build a house in Minecraft, and the method we’ve shown here is as simple as it gets. Feel free to experiment with your mad scientists on how to create the best death trap. If you’re feeling out of sorts, check YouTube; According to Minecraft enthusiasts, creating a mob maker could be an Olympic sport.

Mob Farming Utility

Related to farming passive mobs with traditional farming methods and hostile mobs (with mobs and mob traps, you can also farm utility mobs.


Remember how the snow golem leaves a trail of snow behind it? If you block the little guy, he will just walk around and cover the ground with snow. You can follow the shovel digging it all up and use the resulting snow to create more snow golems, throw snowballs at your friends (or enemies for that matter), and make snow blocks to build snow structures like the igloo.

You can also farm, albeit with much more difficulty, iron golems. Iron golems, as you remember from the Meet the Crowd lesson, spawn in large villages. You can look for big villages or grow small ones to get big enough to start spawning golems, and then build containment blocks in the center of the village to try and catch the iron golems. In this you will need some kind of mechanism to kill them like lava or choke them with blocks because they are pretty good fighters and you don’t want to fight them over and over again.

However, this method is really inefficient, and if players try to survive the golems at all, they usually do so by creating a fictitious village that doesn’t look like a real village at all, but meets the in-game requirements of the Village. Typically, these designs revolve around creating a large arena-like structure, which is loved by doors stocked with villagers you stole from a nearby village, and a gutter design that pushes golems into a trap where you can collect the iron they drop. The golem spawns and falls into a trap.


Beneath the trap, a simple collection device fills a chest with iron ingots dropped from the golem’s body. Of course, creating such a farm is a huge pain. However, if you’re trying to build a massive iron-based structure in Survival Mode, it might be worth the hassle instead of wasting perpetual iron mining.

Block Farming

Like mobile farming, block farming is a fairly advanced set of techniques that you don’t need to call at the beginning of the game, but can be quite useful later on. While mining and digging is a lot of fun, sometimes if you need something a lot or something rare, it pays to «farm» blocks.

Take, for example, obsidian. It does not spawn naturally, but is created when flowing water hits a lava source block. As such, it’s very rare to find obsidian lying around because it only happens after the world is spawned and when water is just pouring onto the lava. However, it is absolutely necessary to collect obsidian in order to create a spell table and create a portal that will take you to the Nether.


The best way to farm obsidian is to take a bucket of water and pour it over the lava you encountered while exploring. The screenshot above shows the transformation: lava, water flows over it, lava turns into obsidian. When it’s the other way around (lava flows over water), you get cobblestone; a much less valuable resource.

However, sometimes even something like cobblestone is worth generating if you need a source that doesn’t involve destroying all the rock around your base.

Here is a simple cobblestone generator:


A bucket of water dropped at the end of a 10 block trench will only work eight blocks away, allowing the lava dropped at the other end to crash into the water and become a cobblestone (\ without the risk of water washing over the lava and creating obsidian. You can mine this block cobblestone forever, and it will always be replenished.

Next Lesson: Engineering with Redstone

We’re on a whirlwind tour with Minecraft tips and tricks, but we still have a little more to cover.

In our next tutorial, we’ll talk about Redstone, a Minecraft building substance that’s part magic, part electrical engineering. With it, you can create everything from simple light-switching devices to complex machines that help you automatically complete game tasks.

For homework tonight, let’s experiment a bit. You can turn on the lights and catch one or two pigs on a simple pork farm, or go big and try your hand at creating a crowd farm.

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