If you decide to use a wired security camera system instead of a Wi-Fi camera, the setup will be more complicated, but you will end up with a better system. Here’s how to install wired security cameras.
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For this guide, we will be installing the EZVIZ 1080p system, which comes with a dash cam that records footage locally 24/7. Regardless of which system you end up with, the installation procedure is the same for all systems, with perhaps some differences depending on the system.
What you need
Unlike a simple Wi-Fi camera, you will need more tools to install a wired camera system, including:
- network cable
- Baluns (Converts analog to digital — highly recommended if your system is analog)
- Drill with driven bits and blades (also with conventional drills)
- Steel fish tape
- Masking tape (or any other tape for that matter)
- Monitor, mouse and keyboard
- A friend to help (seriously, this is highly recommended)
As you go through the installation process, you may decide to use other tools to make it a little easier depending on your specific situation, but the things listed above are the basics you’ll need.
How wired cameras work
Before diving into the installation of a wired CCTV system, you must first understand how it all comes together.
Almost every system consists of a set of cameras and a DVR that serves as a user interface for managing the entire system, as well as storing all the video that is being recorded.
RELATED: How do night vision cameras work?
All cameras connect directly to the DVR using a BNC cable for analog camera systems or an Ethernet cable for digital systems. If you have an analog system, I highly recommend skipping the BNC cable and getting special adapters called baluns that allow you to use ethernet cables — they are much easier to install and generally more modern.
Because the cameras connect directly to the DVR, this means that if you install the camera on your patio and the DVR is upstairs in your home office, you will need to run a camera cable through your house to connect it. to the DVR box, which maybe be a little tricky, depending on how your house is built, exactly how you plan to run the cable.
After that, the DVR box is connected to an electrical outlet, and then you connect an external monitor to the DVR box to control the entire system, view all cameras in real time, and view past recordings. Most systems also ship with a mouse, but a keyboard is also recommended.
Step One: Figure Out Where You Want Your Cameras
When it comes to installing wired CCTV cameras, it’s not enough to just choose any location and install them. You should think about what matters the most for ease of installation (and if possible, mount the camera where you want).
For example, it would be great to mount the camera on an outside wall next to the front door in the top corner, but you need to think about how you are going to route the cable from the camera to the DVR itself. box. This is your limiting factor when installing cameras.
So instead of installing it on an outside wall, perhaps install it on the ceiling of your front porch. From there, you can run the cable through your own little porch loft and then go up to the main loft, taking it wherever you want from there. Obviously you will have a better opinion on this, but this is something you need to keep in mind.
Step Two: Prepare the Camera Installation
Depending on where exactly you are installing your cameras, you may need some other tools than the ones I use. For example, I just drill through wood, drywall, and aluminum, so a regular drill and some basic drills will work just fine. However, if you need to drill through brick or other masonry, you will probably need a hammer drill with some masonry bits.
In any case, start by marking the hole that the camera cable will go through, as well as the holes for the camera mounting screws. Some kits will come with a template sticker which makes the job much easier. If you don’t have them, hold the camera against the wall or ceiling where you want and mark the holes with a pencil.
Get your power drill and bit and drill pilot holes where the mounting screws will go. Then drill a larger hole in the center for the cable to pass through. You usually need to use a shovel for a larger hole, but you can find a fairly large regular drill bit.
Step three: run cables to each camera location
Once you’ve drilled the holes for your cameras, it’s time to run the cable to each location on your camera. It’s also a case where the order of things might be different for you depending on your situation, but essentially you’ll be drilling holes in either walls or ceilings to bring cables where you need them.
For my installation, all the camera cables will converge in the attic above my garage, and from there they will all go to the main attic above the second floor. So, for starters, I’m going to take a cable and feed it in various lengths to the edges where my cameras will be. This is much easier to do if you have steel fishing tape — it’s very difficult to physically position yourself on the edge of your attic, as that’s where your roof drops down and creates a very cramped space to work. So to solve this, Fish Tape will be your best friend.