Many experts agree that driverless cars driverless cars driverless cars will play a key role in the future of transport. mainly for security reasons. Causes: Most car accidents are caused by human error. However, a new study published in journal Nature Climate Change, assumes that self-driving cars are cars with will also provide environmental benefits.

In particular, researchers Jeffrey B. Greenblatt and Samweg Saxena envision a future in which driverless electric taxis of various sizes roam the streets to pick up the right number of passengers. The result, according to the study, is a cheaper and more environmentally friendly product. Taxi.

Let’s look at the taxi fleet of the future Greenblatt and Saxena — around 2030.

Just the right size

Google-Self-Driving-Car-Project

Most taxi fares today are solo riders, but most taxis are versatile full-size sedans capable of seating four-plus passengers as well as a decent amount of storage space. The average passenger uses only part of this space.

The study shows that reducing storage space and additional seats (both for other passengers and for the driver) would allow for a more energy efficient cabin:

For trips with two passengers, a 40% narrower vehicle was simulated, and the reduction in vehicle weight, engine power, battery capacity, and auxiliary loads was reduced to accommodate only the required passengers and cargo. For single-seat vehicles, the frontal area remained constant, but additional reductions in mass, power, and battery capacity were made. Simulation results for [электромобилей с аккумуляторной батареей] show energy consumption compared to an average passenger vehicle of 47% for vehicles with one passenger and 56% for vehicles with two passengers.

A more efficient cabin is cheaper to run and these savings can be passed on to passengers who will only pay for the amount of space and space they need.

Powered by electricity

Ride_and_Drive_EVs_Plug'n_Drive_Ontario

The researchers decided that their fleet of taxis would be powered by electricity, as this is the most efficient type of engine for vehicles with 40,000 to 70,000 miles a year, which is typical for taxis.

While electric vehicles are more expensive to purchase up front, they are significantly cheaper to run over time. Self-driving cars also lend themselves well to electric vehicles, as they can be recharged when not in use – without wasting human time.

The study estimates that 800,000 driverless electric taxis in 2030 could cut gasoline demand by about 7 million barrels of oil per year. It will also reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2.1-2.4 million metric tons of CO2 per year.

Emission reductions compared to the cars we drive today would be 87 to 94 percent, and from future hybrids 63 to 82 percent.

driver

Google's_Lexus_RX_450h_Self-Driving_Car

Last but not least, the cabins featured in the study will be fully autonomous. While this may have an environmental impact by reducing the size of vehicles and enabling more efficient driving, the main driving force here is economic.

Many people are at risk of losing their jobs to robots. and taxi drivers are no exception. The development of autonomous vehicles poses a real threat to the people involved in driving, as it is simply a business benefit for companies. After all, why pay a human driver when the car itself can do the job — or better?

“Shared car fleets will compete on their own with urban taxis and public transport, as is currently the case,” says another study by the OECD International Transport Forum. “These fleets could become a new form of low capacity public transport. This can cause serious labor problems.”

Indeed, the transition will not be smooth or painless — but it is inevitable.

Result: cheaper, more efficient taxi

New_York_Taxi

The idea is clear: by downsizing the cabs, filling them with electricity and eliminating the driver, we could create a fleet of highly efficient, environmentally friendly and cheap (both to run and use) taxis.

What do you think of this study and the upcoming electric vehicle fleet? Share your thoughts in the comments below!

Image Credit: Google, Wikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Commons, Wikipedia

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