In particular, researchers Jeffrey B. Greenblatt and Samweg Saxena envision a future in which driverless electric taxis of various sizes roam the streets to pick up the right number of passengers. The result, according to the study, is a cheaper and more environmentally friendly product. Taxi.
Let’s look at the taxi fleet of the future Greenblatt and Saxena — around 2030.
Just the right size
Most taxi fares today are solo riders, but most taxis are versatile full-size sedans capable of seating four-plus passengers as well as a decent amount of storage space. The average passenger uses only part of this space.
The study shows that reducing storage space and additional seats (both for other passengers and for the driver) would allow for a more energy efficient cabin:
For trips with two passengers, a 40% narrower vehicle was simulated, and the reduction in vehicle weight, engine power, battery capacity, and auxiliary loads was reduced to accommodate only the required passengers and cargo. For single-seat vehicles, the frontal area remained constant, but additional reductions in mass, power, and battery capacity were made. Simulation results for [электромобилей с аккумуляторной батареей] show energy consumption compared to an average passenger vehicle of 47% for vehicles with one passenger and 56% for vehicles with two passengers.
A more efficient cabin is cheaper to run and these savings can be passed on to passengers who will only pay for the amount of space and space they need.
Powered by electricity
The researchers decided that their fleet of taxis would be powered by electricity, as this is the most efficient type of engine for vehicles with 40,000 to 70,000 miles a year, which is typical for taxis.
While electric vehicles are more expensive to purchase up front, they are significantly cheaper to run over time. Self-driving cars also lend themselves well to electric vehicles, as they can be recharged when not in use – without wasting human time.