We have come a long way since the first computers. Computing machines can even drive cars now. What does this mean for us as a society? As technological advances and computers learn to perform human tasks with greater efficiency than even humans themselves, how many of us will be left in the dust? Is there a way to make us indispensable as workers?

The threat is still far in the future, so there is no need to panic about it. However, the younger you are, the more you should be concerned. What career paths should you choose to avoid being captured by automation?


man-computer-work-creative arts

It’s one thing that technology allow you to create creative endeavors. Digital art tools like Photoshop and Illustrator have been extremely useful for graphic artists. Camera advances made digital photography digital photography cheaper and more convenient than ever before. And how much music would we be missing if it wasn’t for FL Studio and GarageBand?

However, despite this, creative efforts will never replaced computers. Art is an expression of human creativity, imagination and improvisation — something that computers will never have.

Any child can say «I am a dog» and pretend to be a dog. Computers struggle to come up with the essence of «I» and the essence of «dog», and they really struggle to figure out which parts of «I» and «dog» should usefully be mixed together if you want to pretend to be a dog.

This is an important skill, because creativity can be described as the ability to understand the essence of one thing, and then the essence of some completely different thing, and break them together to create some completely new thing.

David Brooks, «What Machines Can’t Do»

Professional sports

human-computer-workers-professional sports

The world is home to hundreds of millions of sports fans. As a species, we love to play and we love to watch others play, and sports are the perfect expression of our inclination to play. Will an entertainment stadium full of football robots watch? Perhaps not for long, but only for the sake of novelty.

Sports are irresistible because of human storytelling, which lies below the surface. We are not as attached to the sport itself as we are to the players of this sport. History, rivalry, athleticism, betting is what we want to watch, and computers can never replicate this kind of excitement.

Health and Medicine

human-computer-work-health medicine

On the one hand, aspects of medicine that are entirely based on medical knowledge, technical knowledge, and data analysis can be intelligently automated without much consequence. However, there are elements of healthcare that computers simply cannot handle: bedside manners, making tough decisions based on incomplete patient data, working with human psychology, and so on.

At the very least, there are a number of legal issues that can arise from putting a patient’s life in the hands of a medical robot that can fail and make the wrong decision. This threat alone ensures that people will always have a place in healthcare.



Future technological advances may change landscape of education, but never eliminate the need for human teachers. It is true that online course sites is gaining popularity, but the fact remains that the content of online courses does not just materialize out of thin air. Someone has to create it.

What about teaching subjects that are not as objective as science and mathematics, that are not just based on knowledge? Can a computer understand the nuances of music, art, and literature, let alone teach them subjectively? The possibility of this is doubtful, and even if it does, it won’t be for long.

Just as past mechanization freed or forced workers to do jobs that required greater cognitive dexterity, leaps in machine intelligence could create space for people to specialize in more emotional pursuits not yet suited to machines: the world of artists and therapists, love counselors and yoga . instructor.

This kind of emotional and relational work can be as critical to the future as the metal hitting of the past, even if there is little respect for it at first.

The Economist, «The Future of Jobs: The Rising Tide»

In addition, there will always be a demand for private lessons. Even if classrooms and courses can be taught without human intervention, computers will never be able to personalize material for each student. For this, people will always be needed.

Quality assurance


As long as automation has been part of the human economy, there have always been mistakes. Cars break down. Metal rust. Screws can wear out and motherboards can fry. Under ideal conditions, no quality assurance is required. But in the real world, the error will occur somewhere along the line, and no one but a human can detect it.

Why not just create QA machines that look for bugs? Because then you enter into an infinite regression. What happens when the QA machine goes down? Will there be a second QA machine for the first QA machine? At some point, you will need a person.

Politics and Law


Depending on how cynical you are about the state of world politics, politicians may already be robots. However, if we take this seriously, it is reasonable to assume that computers will never transcend the realm of politics.

Computers will not be made responsible for cities, towns, states, or countries. Computers will not create new laws. Computers will not make judgments. Governors, legislators, judges and juries will always need a sense of human insight that computers can never offer.

Final Thoughts

After all, the answer to the question «What jobs are safe for computers?» Pretty simple. Avoid duplication between humans and computers, and look for jobs that require an element of human behavior that computers cannot replicate: intuition, creativity, innovation, compassion, imagination, etc. These jobs will always be safe.

And what happens when computers become capable of these human qualities? At this point, the distinction between humans and computers will be too blurred, and then the whole question will become irrelevant.

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Image Credits: Ballerina via Shutterstock, Sports via Shutterstock, Stethoscope via Shutterstock, Guitar Tutor via Shutterstock, Metal Gears via Shutterstock, Hammer via Shutterstock

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